WASHINGTON (AP) – The $ 1 trillion infrastructure plan President Joe Biden signed into law on Monday provides money for roads, bridges, ports, rail transport, clean water, the network electric, high-speed Internet and more.
The plan promises to reach almost every corner of the country. It is a historic investment that the president compared to the construction of the transcontinental railroad and the Interstate Highway System. The White House predicts that the investments will create, on average, around 2 million jobs per year over the next decade.
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The bill cleared the House with a 228-206 vote on Nov. 5, ending weeks of intra-party negotiations in which Liberal Democrats insisted the legislation be tied to a spending bill more important social – an effort to pressure more moderate Democrats to support both.
The Senate passed the law by 69 to 30 votes in August after rare bipartisan negotiations, and the House has kept that compromise intact. Thirteen House Republicans voted for the bill, giving Democrats more than enough votes to overcome a handful of progressive defections.
A breakdown of the bill that became law on Monday:
Roads and bridges
The bill would provide $ 110 billion to repair the country’s aging highways, bridges and roads. According to the White House, 173,000 total miles or nearly 280,000 kilometers of US freeways and major roads and 45,000 bridges are in poor condition. According to the Biden administration, the nearly $ 40 billion for bridges is the largest investment dedicated to bridges since the construction of the national highway system.
The $ 39 billion for public transit in legislation would expand transportation systems, improve accessibility for people with disabilities, and provide dollars to state and local governments to purchase zero-emission, low-emission buses. The Department of Transportation estimates that the current repair order book stands at more than 24,000 buses, 5,000 rail cars, 200 stations and thousands of kilometers of track and electrical systems.
Passenger and freight train
To reduce Amtrak’s maintenance backlog, which has worsened since Storm Sandy nine years ago, the bill would provide $ 66 billion to improve the northeast rail service corridor (457 miles, 735 km), as well as other routes. That’s less than the $ 80 billion originally sought by Biden – who drove Amtrak from Delaware to Washington during his time in the Senate – but it would be the biggest federal investment in passenger rail service since the founding of Amtrak 50 years ago.
The bill would spend $ 7.5 billion on electric vehicle charging stations, which the administration says are key to accelerating the use of electric vehicles to fight climate change. It would also provide $ 5 billion for the purchase of electric and hybrid school buses, reducing reliance on diesel-powered school buses.
The $ 65 billion in broadband legislation would aim to improve Internet services for rural areas, low-income families and tribal communities. Most of the money would be made available through state grants.
Modernize the electricity network
To guard against the power outages that have become more frequent in recent years, the bill would spend $ 65 billion to improve the reliability and resiliency of the power grid. It would also boost carbon capture technologies and more environmentally friendly sources of electricity like clean hydrogen.
The bill would spend $ 25 billion to improve runways, gates and taxiways at airports and to improve terminals. It would also improve aging air traffic control towers.
Water and wastewater
The bill would spend $ 55 billion on water and sanitation infrastructure. It has $ 15 billion to replace lead pipes and $ 10 billion to combat water contamination with polyfluoroalkyl substances – chemicals that have been used in the production of Teflon and have also been used in fire fighting foam, water repellent clothing and many other items.
Pay for it
The five-year spending program would be funded using $ 210 billion in unspent COVID-19 emergency aid and $ 53 billion in UI assistance that some states have halted, as well as an array of small pots of money, such as sales of oil reserves and spectrum auctions for 5G services.
Associated Press editors Alexandra Jaffe, Kevin Freking, and Lisa Mascaro contributed to this report.