GIEWS Country Brief: Haiti August 12, 2022 – Haiti

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FOOD SECURITY OVERVIEW

• Rising violence, political stalemate and protracted economic crisis continue to affect food security

• Production of main maize and paddy crops in 2022 expected below average

• Cereal import requirements foresee near-average levels in 2022/23

• Staple food prices well above year-ago levels in June

Rising violence, political stalemate and protracted economic crisis continue to affect food security

A pointed deterioration The security situation since June 2021 has severely affected livelihoods and the delivery of humanitarian assistance, with a negative impact on food security outcomes. Violent clashes between armed gangs have hampered household access to markets and to health and education services in the capital. In the south, the blocking of the road linking the southern regions to Port-au-Prince, which has lasted for more than a year, has reduced the supply of food and fuel as well as access to basic services. Amid the political stalemate, the security situation is likely to deteriorate , further limiting access to food and affecting livelihoods. In addition, reduced access to humanitarian aid, due to a miss to win in humanitarian funding and cost increase delivery of aid poses other threats.

According to the latest IPC analysis, the number of people in acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 [Crisis] or more) was estimated at a record 4.5 million (45 percent of the population) during March-June 2022, compared to 4.4 million during the same period in 2021. Food insecurity has worsened since 2018, reflecting the slowdown and below-average agricultural production, compounded by rising gang violence and political instability.

Production of main maize and paddy crops in 2022 expected to be below average

Harvesting of the 2022 main maize and rice crops was completed in July and production is expected to be below average. Following the timely onset of seasonal rains in April, rainfall amounts fell to below average levels during the May-June period and affected crop yields. In the main cereal department of Artibonite, accumulated rainfall between May and June was 20 percent below the long-term average, reducing the availability of irrigation water for paddy.

The area sown to main season crops is estimated to have remained at a low level, mainly due to the scarcity and high cost of agricultural inputs.

An increase in rainfall in the last dekad of July has partially restored soil moisture deficits and facilitated land preparation for the second minor season of 2022, although more rainfall is needed to carry out cropping operations. normal seedlings. The weather forecast indicates close to average rainfall during the August-October period, with favorable effects on crop yields. However, the low availability of seeds and other agricultural inputs remains a concern for the second cropping season, which accounts for about 40 and 20 percent of annual paddy and maize production respectively.

Cereal import requirements are expected to reach near-average levels in 2022/23

Cereal import requirements for marketing year 2022/23 (July/June), mainly wheat and rice for food consumption, are forecast at near-average levels. Despite forecasts of below-average harvests, imports are likely to be constrained by financial capacity, given high international commodity prices. Higher year-on-year export prices in the United States of America, the country’s main grain supplier, are expected to restrain domestic demand.

Staple food prices well above year-ago levels in June 2022

Prices for local maize flour have risen sharply in the first four months of 2022 in the capital, Port-au-Prince, reflecting reduced access to markets amid growing violence, exacerbated by low seasonal supplies. Prices declined in June due to improved supplies from the main season crop, but remained well above their levels of a year ago. Black bean prices have been on the rise since October 2021 and increased by more than 30% year-on-year in June 2022. Similarly, prices of rice, mainly imported, increased overall in 2022, following the upward trends export price from the United States of America. , where most rice imports come from. The sustained weakening of the Haitian gourde, which has lost around 25% of its value over the past 12 months, has put additional upward pressure on the prices of imported products, including foodstuffs. In general, inflation should maintain its double-digit trajectory for the seventh consecutive year in 2022, further reducing the already weak purchasing power of households.

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of information in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city. or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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